PERFORMANCE OF PROMISING PEANUT (Arachis hypogaea L.) GENOTYPES GROWN IN DRY AND WET SEASON CROPPING
PDF

Keywords

Assessment
regional yield trial
across locations
NSIC recommended varieties
net profit

How to Cite

Cagasan, U. A., & Coral, R. N. (2021). PERFORMANCE OF PROMISING PEANUT (Arachis hypogaea L.) GENOTYPES GROWN IN DRY AND WET SEASON CROPPING . Innovative Technology and Management Journal, 4(1). Retrieved from https://journal.evsu.edu.ph/index.php/itmj/article/view/162

Abstract

The development of promising genotypes is a continuing activity by the breeders to give the farmers more choices of varieties to plant. This study aimed to evaluate, determine, and select promising peanut genotypes to be recommended to NSIC as new peanut varieties. There are 10 treatments, including the 3 check varieties, used in this study: T1-JONES, T2- ILOCOS RED, T3- LG Pn 06-36-2, T4- LG Pn 08-4a-2, T5-LG Pn 06-3-4-3a, T6-CVRC Pn 2011-002, T7- CVRC Pn 2011-001, T8-NSIC Pn19, T9- NSIC Pn14, T10- NSIC Pn18.  The experiment was arranged in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) having the  10 treatments replicated 3 times. Results showed that genotypes LG Pn 06-3-4-3a (T5), CVRC Pn 2011- 002 (T6), and CVRC Pn 2011-001 (T7) matured the earliest at 82-90 days comparable to check variety NSIC Pn14.  Moreover, LG Pn 06-36-2 (T3), LG Pn 08-4a-2 (T4), LG Pn 06-3-4-3a (T5), CVRC Pn 2011- 002 (T6) attained the shortest plant height at 84-94 cm, comparable to the 2 check varieties NSIC Pn14 and NSIC Pn18. Genotypes planted during dry season produced a significantly higher weight of pods at an average of 2,862 kgha-1 and average total seed yield of 1,796 kgha-1 than wet season cropping at 2,361 kgha-1 mean pod yield and 1,523 kg ha-1 seed yield. Moreover, all peanut genotypes are resistant to moderately resistant to insect pests and diseases. Hence, it is recommended to plant peanuts during dry season cropping as it provides a higher grain yield than wet season cropping under Leyte conditions.

PDF

References

Adinya, I. B., Enun, E. E., & Ijoma, J. U. (2010). Exploring profitability potentials in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) production through agroforestry practices: a case study in Nigeria. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 20(2), 123-131.

Baldock, J. L. (2019). Nitrogen and soil organic matter decline. Grains Research and Development Corporation. available online at https://grdc.com.au/resources-and-publications/grdc-update-papers/tab-content/grdc-update-accessed:2/21/2019.

Bureau of Agricultural Research. (2011). Promising Peanut Lines Recommended for NCT Trials.http://www.bar.gov.ph/press-room/newsand-events/650-2011-07-icrisat.

Clua, J., Roda, C., Zanetti, M. E., & Blanco, F. A. (2018). Compatibility between legumes and rhizobia for the establishment of a successful nitrogen‐fixing symbiosis. Genes (Basel), 9, 3. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes9030125

Climatic Requirements for Groundnut Cultivation. Retrieved from Source: http://vasat.icrisat.org/q=node/81l April 3, 2020.

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). (2013). FAOSTAT. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Gatan, M. G. B., & Gonzales, V. D. (2014). On-Farm Verification of Peanut Varieties in Rainfed and Lahar Laden Areas of Pampanga, Philippines. JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research, 18(1)

Nanoda, M. K. (2015). Physiological basis of yield variation in Kharif groundnut as influenced variety, potassium, and planting method. Indian Journal of Agriculture., 38: 233-238.

NCT Manual for Legumes. Revised (2017). Guidelines in conducting National Cooperative Testing in Field Legumes. Field legumes Technical Working Group. Bureau of Plant Industry, Diliman, Quezon City.

Okello, D. K., Biruma, M., & Deom, C. M. (2010). Overview of groundnut research in Uganda: Past, present, and future. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9(39), 6448-6459.

Halimi, R. A., Barkla, B. J., Mayes, S., & King, G. J. (2019). The potential of the underutilized pulse bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) For nutritional food security. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 77, 47-59.

International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics. (2015). Undated. Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). http://www.icrisat.org/ crop-groundnut.htm.

Sarcol, B. P. & Cagasan, U.A. (2016). Performance of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) as Influenced by Time of Planting Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas L.) as Intercrop. Annals of Tropical Research. 38[1]:121-132.

Selected Statistics on Agriculture Industry (2018). Diliman, Quezon City. Revised 2017.

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). (2012). Foreign Agricultural Service. Created on March 10, 2015. http://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/psdreport.aspx?hidReportRetrievalName=BVS&hidReportRetrievalID=918&hidReportRetrievalTemplateID=1#ancor.

Yakubu, H., Kwari, J. D. & Tekwa, J. A. (2010). Nodulation and N2 – fixation by grain legumes as affected by Boron Fertilizers in Sudano - Sahelian Zone of Northeastern Nigeria. American Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Science 8(5): 514 – 519.

https://www.nass.usda.gov/Publications/AgCensus/2012/Retrieved: April 15, 2020

http://vasat.icrisat.org/?q=node/81l Retrieved: April 3, 2020

The copyright holder is the Innovative Technology and Management Journal, Eastern Visayas State University, Tacloban City, Philippines.