TARAN-AWAN Journal of Educational Research and Technology Management https://journal.evsu.edu.ph/index.php/tjertm <p>The <strong>TARAN-AWAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT (TJERTM)</strong> is the official peer-reviewed publication of the Eastern Visayas State University - Tanauan Campus (EVSU-Tanauan).</p> Eastern Visayas State University - Tanauan Campus en-US TARAN-AWAN Journal of Educational Research and Technology Management 2719-0587 Editorial: Light in-the-Dark https://journal.evsu.edu.ph/index.php/tjertm/article/view/268 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Imagine a world without light. Uncertainties dominate leaving all in doom. Such a situation speaks similarly in an academic community, in the absence of scholarly pieces. Research brings light to guide, instruct the enthusiasts and justify the need to extract the truth from the darkness. Higher education institutions had experienced life in-shadows as effects of the global health crisis. Experiencing doubt for years may be meant trouble traversing the educational system, but believing in the light suggests brighter days for those who lose not the hope.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This edition adds a ray for educational research to shine even brighter than before. In the circumstance where researchers are doubting, their works are manifestations to better the system to innovate and evolve and reframe the learning landscape.&nbsp; COVID-19 paved these researchers to transition to better normal where most of the works are reflective of one’s innovation, displaying creative science, employing technology to advance basic education, and documenting experiences to shift the paradigm of learning.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;In the realization of industry 4.0, the use of technology as a support system becomes evident in the conducted study among postgraduate professionals. It highlighted the role of smartphones and their careful utilization to assist learning in a borderless capacity. The same is true in the employment of gamification in infusing knowledge which seemed impossible at first, however, had proved significant to impact competence of a program outcome. Anecdotal reports the downside of technological advancement as humanity migrated from basic to complex. Fortunately, a perspective noted that embracing media complexities lifted morals and wider awareness to issues-of-the- hour.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The then traditional classroom setup has to be enhanced to promise a better quality of men and women. Maximization of available minute resources highlighted the creativity of educators to model modern means of humanistic instruction, while vigilant exploration on its effects among learning recipients. Our scarce resources must not hamper the intention to nurture brains, hone skills, and align attitudes as we all light the world.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The journal’s cover imaged breaking darkness consistently with lit. In like manner, this version produced fine knowledge influencing the new understanding of education, technology, management practices both on a national and international scale.&nbsp; It is with hope, that these become cornerstones to increasing nuances among the population across the lifespan.</p> Joel Rey Acob Copyright (c) 2021 TARAN-AWAN Journal of Educational Research and Technology Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-12-15 2021-12-15 2 1 i ii Smartphone usage for learning among postgraduate students https://journal.evsu.edu.ph/index.php/tjertm/article/view/254 <p>This study explores the numerous effects smartphones have on learning among postgraduate students. Research objectives were formulated from the gaps in literature which comprise of exploring influential factors, pros and cons along with academic performance, which surround smartphone usage in an educational setting. Moreover, this study followed a cross-sectional research design consisting of a purposive sampling technique. Template analysis was conducted on data collected via telephonic interviews. Altogether, the results revealed that 40% of respondents believe that the internet is a key influential factor when it comes to using smartphones for educational purposes. In addition, many of the benefits and drawbacks of smartphone usage in learning were highlighted by the students. Seventy per cent vouched for being able to learn while away from laptops whereas 60% said it was distracting. Plus, 80% of respondents perceive that smartphone usage does not have an impact on their academic standing. They associated more importance to the primary ways of learning through computers and laptops. Assessments were also drawn using popular theoretical concepts like Goodhue and Thompson’s Technology-to-Performance Chain (TPC) model. Henceforth, this study has enriched the existing literature in terms of novel contributions. It is recommended that future researchers conduct experiments on a larger sample size to further enrich smartphone literature.</p> Kazi Turin Rahman Copyright (c) 2021 TARAN-AWAN Journal of Educational Research and Technology Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-12-06 2021-12-06 2 1 1 11 Print media as catalysts for shaping morals and promoting national consciousness in Nigeria: Critical perspectives https://journal.evsu.edu.ph/index.php/tjertm/article/view/257 <p>By estimation of its impact, the media is seen as the moral compass of society. Its surveillance role has further pushed its gatekeeping and gate watching potentials making it an institution that is capable of effecting social change. With this motivation in mind, the researchers embarked on a qualitative study titled: “Print Media as Catalysts for Shaping Morals and Promoting National Consciousness in Nigeria:&nbsp; Critical Perspectives” to ascertain the role of print media in shaping morals and creating national consciousness. It was discovered that the print media in the country is dwarfed by challenges such as funding, digitalization, and its elitist nature. Creating a high sense of nationalism, rethinking media content, embracing digitalization, and training young people to appreciate the media were proposed as veritable ways of shaping morals and promoting national consciousness in the country. It concluded that for print media professionals to effect the needed change in Nigeria, adequate funding, as well as training and retraining of journalists are indispensable.</p> Inaku Egere Justine John Dyikuk Blessing Arsun Dapoet Tahna’an Rosemary Moven Copyright (c) 2021 TARAN-AWAN Journal of Educational Research and Technology Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-12-08 2021-12-08 2 1 12 24 Gamified track-based remote instruction: Its use and impact on mathematics competence https://journal.evsu.edu.ph/index.php/tjertm/article/view/258 <p>The teaching of mathematics concerns difficulties, misconceptions, and challenges all wrapped into one, which pushed teachers for a personalized and direct instructional approach. However, with the loss of contact hours caused by the global pandemic, learners' mastery and competence on the subject matter are jeopardized. In this new normal, digitalized instruction and learning tools justify the continuity of education in any learning environment. Hence, a study examined the impact of a gamified track-based remote instruction on the level of competence of learners taking up Agri-Fishery and Home Economics strands in the Dolores National High School during the school year 2020-2021. The sequential-exploratory research design was undertaken, thereby collecting data such as selected participants' perceptions on the use of the proposed tool via focus group discussion during the piloting phase, assessment of learning gains during the quasi-experimental phase, and the determination of its impact on the participants' competence level using the identified four factors embedded on the extended Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) survey questionnaire. Findings showed that the use of a gamified track-based remote instruction enhanced the competency level of the two groups of participants. Also, out of the four factors, only self-efficacy was found to insignificantly predict participants' level of mathematics competence. Furthermore, the gamified track-based remote instruction can be implemented in other school and subject areas to supplement its effectiveness and maximize its use in the future.</p> Ben Fermin Abuda Glory Fe Balazo Kareen Dionesia Rivera Copyright (c) 2021 TARAN-AWAN Journal of Educational Research and Technology Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-12-08 2021-12-08 2 1 25 34 Correlation of numerical competence and senior high school readiness of grade 10 learners https://journal.evsu.edu.ph/index.php/tjertm/article/view/259 <p>Equipping learners with ample numerical skills will enable them to face the challenges of the industrialized society. Hence, an investigation was conducted on numeracy competence, related factors, and senior high school readiness via a correlational research approach among 291 Grade 10 learners officially registered in four secondary schools in the Province of Eastern Samar, Philippines, during the school year 2019-2020. The results revealed that most of the highly numerate respondents preferred the Academic track over the Technical, Vocational, and Livelihood track. Track preference and senior high school readiness were all found to correlate significantly with respondents' level of numeracy competence; hence a new framework is developed.&nbsp; Thus, it is recommended among teachers to employ strategies that will strengthen learners' numerical readiness in acquiring relevant and contextualized information pertinent to the school setting. The research findings offer a viable framework for teachers to experiment with different approaches to teaching numeracy to students to increase their learning involvement and positive attitude toward mathematics.</p> Jestoni Orque Copyright (c) 2021 TARAN-AWAN Journal of Educational Research and Technology Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-12-08 2021-12-08 2 1 35 45 Status of laboratory resources and science process skills of grade 11 learners in the division of Eastern Samar, Philippines https://journal.evsu.edu.ph/index.php/tjertm/article/view/260 <p>Instructional resources play a significant role in the development of man’s scientific thinking. Thus, a hybridized descriptive correlational inquiry was conducted to examine the present availability and utilization statuses of science laboratory resources and the mastery level on integrated science process skills among 274 Grade 11 learners in three secondary schools in the division of Eastern Samar, Philippines. The data gathered from the researcher-developed questionnaire on the availability and utilization status of basic science laboratory resources, and an adopted integrated science process skills test of Monica (2005) for the school year 2019-2020 were analyzed via frequency and percentage, median, Spearman rho, and Pearson r test of correlations. Findings revealed that there were only few available resources which were occasionally utilized in science instruction, while the 11th Grader-participants showed a very low mastery level on integrated science process skills. Also, a significant difference in terms of availability, utilization, and mastery levels existed among the three participating secondary schools in the division of Eastern Samar. Hence, it is recommended for the education sector to propose and develop a laboratory resource management system so that the availability and utilization of science instruments will be maximized, and an intervention program be provided among students to heighten their present integrated science process skills mastery level.</p> Roselle Noroña Copyright (c) 2021 TARAN-AWAN Journal of Educational Research and Technology Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-12-10 2021-12-10 2 1 46 59 Financial management practices of micro and small enterprises in Tanauan, Leyte, Philippines https://journal.evsu.edu.ph/index.php/tjertm/article/view/261 <p>Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) play a crucial role in the economic growth and further development in the Philippines especially in the municipality of Tanauan, Province of Leyte as they dominate the market of the town. They help in poverty alleviation and provide job opportunities. The study intended to determine the financial management practices of MSEs in Tanauan, Leyte, Philippines. A survey was conducted to the 146 owners and employees of MSEs using purposive sampling. The data gathered was analyzed using various descriptive measurements such as frequency, percentage, and mean to determine the financial management practices of MSEs. The survey questionnaire is composed of two parts, the profile of the respondents and the financial management practices. Results revealed that financial management practices such as costing and budgeting are often practiced by MSEs. However, internal control, working capital management, and long-term financing are rarely practiced. In general, financial management systems were present but were sometimes practiced with an average overall mean of 2.84. It was concluded that the management of MSEs does not follow generally accepted standards on financial management and control. It is recommended for the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) in partnership with the Local Government Unit (LGU) of Tanauan to review programs and policies concerning the development of this sector. Further, strict implementation of programs and policies to address the issue of the lack of educational background and training on financial management systems and practices would be geared towards promoting the sustainability of these MSEs.</p> Reynalyn Barbosa Copyright (c) 2021 TARAN-AWAN Journal of Educational Research and Technology Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-12-13 2021-12-13 2 1 60 69 Exploring the primary to secondary transition experiences of year seven students https://journal.evsu.edu.ph/index.php/tjertm/article/view/262 <p>The transition to secondary school from the accustomed environment of primary school was found to have several challenges being met by most of the grade seven students. The study aimed to explore the experiences of the students and sought to identify important issues and challenges they face. Using the descriptive phenomenological design, the researchers uncovered and described the experiences of 17 purposively sampled participants. Data from a semi-structured interview, observation, focus group discussions, and a journal was gathered during the first three weeks as Grade 7 students enter secondary school for the first time. The results from this study obtained 5 major themes: students experience different milieu of relationships; inferiority complex due to bullying and unruly classmates; school location, and other different barriers that are beyond student’s control. Study shows that the experience could be enjoyable for some and could be problematic to others if not given enough understanding and support. It is recommended that school administrators look into the experiences of the students and provide programs for a smoother transition process.</p> Jasten Keneth Treceñe Jeffrey Negros Ramelito Paler Eduardo Edu Cornillez Jr. Copyright (c) 2021 TARAN-AWAN Journal of Educational Research and Technology Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-12-13 2021-12-13 2 1 70 82 Modeling teaching experiences and its predictors among high school educators https://journal.evsu.edu.ph/index.php/tjertm/article/view/263 <p>Teaching experience is the key to becoming effective in imparting knowledge to students. This study aims to develop regression models to determine the various factors of teaching experiences among high school educators. A cross-section of teachers in a Vocational School in Hilongos, Leyte, Philippines was considered as participants in this study. Some descriptive measures and ordinary least square (OLS) regression were employed to describe and make inferences in the survey data, respectively. Results revealed that teachers are "very satisfied" in their teaching experiences on how routinely, challenging, enjoyable, and rewarding their job is. On the other hand, they are "satisfied" with how creative and logical they are in their teaching career. In addition, it is revealed that there are factors that significantly influence the teachers' experiences such as age, gender, civil status, educational attainment, income, room facilities, school compound, leisure, social relationships, and health. Hence, good compensation, support from the government, a conducive school environment, and health benefits for the teachers' hard work and dedication to their job will result in positive teaching experiences. Furthermore, relaxation and health activities, vacation, and good vibes from other teachers result to feel comfortable and confident in teaching.</p> Leomarich Casinillo Emily Casinillo Copyright (c) 2021 TARAN-AWAN Journal of Educational Research and Technology Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-12-13 2021-12-13 2 1 83 93 Efficacy of communicative language teaching on students’ speaking skills in senior secondary schools in Makurdi local government area of Benue State, Nigeria https://journal.evsu.edu.ph/index.php/tjertm/article/view/267 <p>The study set out to determine the effect of communicative language teaching on students’ speaking skills in Makurdi Benue state. Nine specific objectives guided the study, nine research questions were raised and answered and nine hypotheses were formulated and tested at a 0.05 level of significance. The study was delimited to communicative activities like information-gap activity, role-play activities, and conversation activities, and speaking skills of fluency, pronunciation, and vocabulary. The study was hinged on John Dewey's theory of learning by doing. The study adopted the non-randomized pre-test posttest control group design and the study area was Makurdi Local Government Area of Benue State. The population of the study was made up of all the 1312 Senior Secondary two (SS2) students in the 21 public secondary schools in Makurdi LGA. The sample for the study consisted of 173 students and was drawn using four intact classes of students. The instrument used for data collection is the English Achievement Test (EAT). The instrument was duly validated by three experts, two from the English language unit and one from Measurement and Evaluation. The English Achievement Test (EAT) yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.89. The researcher visited the sampled schools to seek permission from the principals of the various schools in which the study was carried out. The regular English language teachers in the selected schools were used as research assistants for the study. The research assistants in each school helped the researcher to collect data and the data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation and inferential statistics of ANCOVA. The result of the findings revealed there was a statistically significant difference in the speaking skills of students taught using the communicative language teaching approach and those taught using the traditional method.</p> Livinus Ejiro EGWUDA Bola .S. ADELABU Gerald Dekera ATIM Anastasia Vereshe IKYASE Copyright (c) 2021 TARAN-AWAN Journal of Educational Research and Technology Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-12-15 2021-12-15 2 1 94 105