Updated January 18, 2022



Parts of the Manuscript

The manuscript should be submitted in separate files: 1) Title page, and 2) Main text file. The title page is uploaded separately as a supplementary file. Do NOT combine the main text file with the title page.

(1) Title page file:

This must include the following information:

  • Title of the manuscript
  • Names (spelled out in full) of all the authors*, and the institutions with which they are affiliated, Country, and ORCID if applicable)
  • Corresponding author's details (name, email, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers)
  • Declaration of conflict of interest
  • Funding (if applicable)
  • Acknowledgment
  • Authors contribution (Clearly state the contribution of each author)
  • Author biographies (Academic or structural position in your institution and ORCiD)
  • Ethical consideration (State the complete name of institutions or ethics committee and approval number)- maybe not applicable during this first publication volume

(2) Main text file

Please identify below the type of manuscript you are planning to submit, and follow the guidance provided.

  • Original Research Article
  • Review article
  • Concept analysis
  • Editorial
  • Perspective

The full paper should comprise the following suggested format:

  • Title - This must be concise and descriptive of the contents. 
  • Abstract - Abstract of no more than 250 words, which should include the overall purpose of the study and the research problem/s, the methodology, major findings or trends found as a result of the analysis, brief summary of the interpretation, conclusion, and the implication/s of the study and follow by a maximum of five keywords.
  • Introduction - Written to explain the problem or the theoretical background, related research, the practical applications, and the nature and purpose of the article. Cited literature must be within a decade range (if applicable). It should state the objectives of the study and provide a discussion of related literature.
  • Materials and Methods (for experimental study) or Methodology for non-experimental study (research design, sampling, research setting, research subjects, etc.) or whether your research is quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method. This should be discussed concisely but provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be repeated by others. This should include, the research design, the respondents and sampling (if applicable) or the data used in the study, the instrument used, the data gathering procedure, ethical considerations, and data analysis.
  • Results and Discussion - Written clearly and concisely. Discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Extensive citations and discussion of published literature and repetitive presentation of the same data in different forms should be avoided.
  • Conclusion and Recommendation - It should briefly answer the objectives of the study. They are not a repetition of the discussions, however, the judgment of the results obtained.
  • Limitations and future works
  • Declaration of conflict of interest
  • References - The references and in-text citations should follow the APA Style 7th Edition. Add DOIs/URL.


Tables should be self-contained and complement, not duplicate, the information contained in the text. They should be supplied as editable files, not pasted as images. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend, and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. All abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings. Put the tables in the main content in the appropriate position, instead of putting them under the references. Titles of the tables should be found on top of the table itself while captions of figures should be found right below the figure itself. 

Figure Legends

Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement. Scientific names of species should be written completely with the author(s) when it is first mentioned and without the author in succeeding references. Scientific names should be written in italics.


Although authors are encouraged to send the highest-quality figures possible, for peer-review purposes, a wide variety of formats, sizes, and resolutions are accepted. Do not spell out numbers unless they are used to start a sentence. Use the metric system only or the International System of Units. Use abbreviations of units only beside numerals (e.g. 6 m); otherwise, spell out the units (e.g. kilometers from here). Do not use plural forms or periods for abbreviations of units. Use the bar for compound units (e.g. 1 kg/ha/yr). Place a zero before the decimal in numbers less than 1 (e.g. 0.25).