CORONAVIRUSES AND DETECTION METHODS FOR SARS-CoV-2 VIRUS CAUSING COVID-19 INFECTION
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Keywords

COVID-19
RT-PCR
rapid test kit
SARS-CoV-2

Abstract

COVID-19 infection caused by a newly discovered virus SARS-CoV-2 has already reached a pandemic state involving 190 countries seven months after it was first reported in Wuhan province, China, before the end of 2019.  The first aim of this paper is to describe (a) the general characteristics of viruses, (b) the coronaviruses, and (c) SARS-CoV-2 virus. The second aim is to discuss the diagnostic tests used for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19.  Since the virus is new, there is a need to disseminate information about viruses in general and SARS-CoV-2 in particular.  The laboratory tests for the detection of the virus and the disease are likewise presented.  Altogether, the pieces of information provided here can help various stakeholders make sound and prudent decisions to contain the disease and prevent further spread of the virus so that everybody will be able to live once again a normal life

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