SABTON: Multidisciplinary Research Journal <p>The official peer-reviewed and open-access research publication of the Eastern Visayas State University - Burauen. <em>SABTON</em> also stands for&nbsp;<strong>S</strong>cientific and professional <strong>A</strong>rticles <strong>B</strong>y <strong>T</strong>eachers, <strong>O</strong>rganizations/agencies, and&nbsp;<strong>N</strong>ovice researchers.</p> Eastern Visayas State University - Burauen Campus en-US SABTON: Multidisciplinary Research Journal A Lesson Study on Using the Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract (CPA): Approach in Addressing Misconceptions in Learning Fractions <p>This paper explores the use of the Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract (CPA) approach in teaching operations on fractions to address the misconceptions in learning fractions. Through a lesson study, the researchers aimed to reflect on and evaluate the effect of the planned activities on students’ engagement and processing of the learning of the research topic. The study was conducted in an elementary school in Las Piñas City, Philippines, and the various results and recommendations were as follows: (1) providing concrete examples in the context of the students enhances students’ engagement, (2) stimulating and processing responses from students help develop the concept, and (3) connecting the learning to various subjects or fields deepens the students’ understanding of the topic.</p> Mariel Africa Arianne Mae Borboran Mary-Ann Guilleno Melrose Mendiola Karlo May Portento Randolph Rodriguez Jennifer Torrefranca Rona Marie Viernes Rosie Conde Copyright (c) 2020 SABTON: Multidisciplinary Research Journal 2020-06-15 2020-06-15 1 1 1 8 Marcuse and the Frankfurt School: Understanding the Function of Critique and His Critique of Society <p>This paper focuses on Herbert Marcuse’s notion of critique or negative thinking in relation to evoking possibilities for social change. This discussion is necessary since critique is indicative of Marcuse’s commitment to the possibility of radically transforming society. As Marcuse argues, time and again, the possibilities for social change and liberation remain open amidst the growing power and control of the capitalist system. It is here that I argue that Marcuse’s critique of advanced industrial society remains integral and relevant in understanding the contradictions seen today in several parts of contemporary society, which can be a starting point for evoking possibilities for social change today. But that secondly, I argue, echoing Marcuse, that critique has to be recovered as a necessary preliminary step for possibilities for social change to be evoked. Indeed, there must be a discussion on the existing intolerable conditions to expose the contradictions that signal the need for an alternative in the first place.</p> Allison Cruyff V Ladero Copyright (c) 2020 SABTON: Multidisciplinary Research Journal 2020-06-15 2020-06-15 1 1 9 25 Ethical Principles of Community, Stewardship and Compassionate Paternalism in Public Health: The Case of the Philippines <p>Public health programs and policies of a state have to be accepted by the majority of the people before these can be successful since some of these programs and policies may favor one over the other and infringe people’s rights and liberties just to promote public safety. In utilitarian societies, the state's primary concern is to ensure the most significant benefit to the majority, even if, in the process, some rights, liberties, and privileges of the minority will be jeopardized. In libertarian societies, the state's authority is limited to ensuring that the members of the population enjoy their natural rights to life, liberty, and property and to defend the citizens from external aggression. The liberal societies agree with the libertarians that the state’s main function is to protect individual freedoms but reject their thesis that the state’s legitimate power is restricted to protection of these rights and concur with the communitarians that the state should also protect the welfare of its citizens. While a liberal state supports the promotion of public goods and services, its primary concern is protecting individual welfare. It does not adequately consider the shared commitment of communities and cultures to safeguard and secure collective goods. This paper will argue that for a country with diverse cultures and values such as the Philippines, a healthy interplay of the ethical principles of stewardship and community, as well as compassionate paternalism, must be considered in the crafting and implementation of public health programs and policies to be able to address the different needs of individuals without jeopardizing the collective needs of the community, especially during and after a pandemic.&nbsp;</p> Rogelio Bayod Copyright (c) 2020 SABTON: Multidisciplinary Research Journal 2020-06-15 2020-06-15 1 1 26 40 Lotus Sutra and Self-immolation in Tibet <p>As of February 2019, there have been a total of 155 reported self-immolations in Tibet since February 2009, of which 129 are men and 26 women. Given the poor human rights situation and deplorable political condition in Tibet, these heroic acts of self-immolations may be viewed as a protest to free Tibet from China. In fact, the issue of independence from China has been the dominant theme in the international media coverage of Tibet. In relative parlance, scholars who are familiar with Buddhism assumed that because Tibet is a Buddhist nation, the instances of self-immolations were directly influenced by the Lotus Sutra, particularly its 23<sup>rd</sup> chapter which venerates self-immolation and viewed it as the highest form of devotion to the Buddha. However, following Robert Barnett, this paper argues that these self-immolations are neither a form of protest to free Tibet from China nor are they directly influenced by the Lotus Sutra. This paper then looks at the relation between the concept of ‘self-immolation’ in the Lotus Sutra and Tibetan struggle for independence from China. It takes the position that, on the one hand, the protests in Tibet expressed most visibly through self-immolation were intended primarily to preserve Tibetan religion, culture, and language; and, on the other hand, they were shaped by the country’s long history of colonial domination. Thus, as will be shown later, the Lotus Sutra has nothing to do with the instances of self-immolations in Tibet and that any attempt to read it as the principle of self-immolation is to utterly misinterpret its powerful teachings on truth and life from the perspective of the Buddha.</p> Anesito Cutillas Junielito Espanto Jeffry Ocay Copyright (c) 2020 SABTON: Multidisciplinary Research Journal 2020-06-15 2020-06-15 1 1 41 47 About the Authors <p>About Authors</p> SABTON: Multidisciplinary Research Journal Copyright (c) 2021 SABTON: Multidisciplinary Research Journal 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 1 1