One of the main challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines is the observance of health and safety protocols. Based on direct observation, many people in public places fail to observe these protocols and thus making themselves and others vulnerable to the virus. Through textual analysis and hermeneutics, this study provides elucidations using the ethical principles, theories, and frameworks of select philosophers like Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, and Jean Stuart Mill to educate, remind, qualify or justify why the strict observance of these protocols are necessary and vital to protection and promotion of the welfare of people making them safe and healthy during the pandemic. The findings reveal that not following these protocols prevents people from attaining the highest good which is happiness. Likewise, violating the protocols is contrary to duty or the absolute command of reason. Moreover, failure to observe the protocols causes harm to oneself and others than good. The study concludes that ethics provides propelling reasons for people to follow the health and safety protocols during the pandemic. This is how ethics helps win the pandemic.
Bykova, M. F. (2016). New Insights into Aristotle’s Ethics: Editor’s Introduction.
Cutillas, AL. (2021). Indigeneity and the Politics of Recognition: Honneth’s Recognition Theory and its Relevance to the Manobo’s Struggle for Justice. Social Ethics Society Journal of Applied Philosophy, 8 (2021).
Department of Health. (n.d.). Safety Prevention Protocols Still the Best Defense Against Covid- 19-DOH. Retrieved June 1, 2021 from https://doh.gov.ph/press-release/SAFETY-PREVENTION-PROTOCOLS-STILL-BEST-DEFENSE-AGAINST-COVID-%E2%80%93DOH.
Elliot, Jay (n.d). Virtue and External Goods in Aristotle. Society for Classical Studies. Retrieved April 3, 2021 from https://classicalstudies.org/annual-meeting/146/abstract/virtue-and-external-goods-aristotle.
Fieser, James (2017). The Categorical Imperative. Retrieved June 1, 2021 from https://www.utm.edu/staff/jfieser/class/300/categorical.htm.
Given, L. M. (Ed.). (2008). The Sage encyclopedia of qualitative research methods. Sage publications. Doi: 10.4135/9781412963909.
Gurtler, G. M. (2003). The activity of happiness in Aristotle's ethics. The Review of Metaphysics, 801-834.
Holtug, N. (2002). The harm principle. Ethical theory and moral practice, 5(4), 357-389.
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2001). The Categorical Imperative. Retrieved June 1, 2021 from https://www3.nd.edu/~rbarger/categorical-imperative.html.
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (n.d.). Thomas Aquinas. Retrieved on June 1, 2021 from https://iep.utm.edu/aquinas/.
Kaliarnta, S. (2016). Using Aristotle’s theory of friendship to classify online friendships: a critical counterview. Ethics and Information Technology, 18(2), 65-79. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10676-016-9384-2.
Kraut, Richard. (2001), Aristotle’s Ethics. In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved June 1, 2021 from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/aristotle-ethics/?source=post_page---------------------------
Lindner, F., & Bentzen, M. M. (2018). A formalization of Kant's second formulation of the categorical imperative. arXiv preprint arXiv:1801.03160.
Margolis, J. (1969). Human acts and moral judgments. Ethics, 80(1), 56-61. Retrieved March 19, 2021 from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2379915.
Mill, John Stuart. "Utilitarianism (1863)." Utilitarianism, Liberty, Representative Government (1859): 7-9.
Nahra, C. (2014). The harm principle and the greatest happiness principle: the missing link. Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia, 55(129), 99-110.
O’Neill, O. (1993). Kantian ethics. A companion to ethics, 29, 175-85.
Philo-notes (n.d.). Kant’s Categorical Imperative. Retrieved May 30, 2021 from https://philonotes.com/index.php/2020/01/04/categorical-imperative/
Philo-notes (n.d.). Kant’s Ethics: The Categorical Imperative. Retrieved May 30, 2021 from https://philonotes.com/index.php/2018/07/30/kantian-ethics/
Preus, A. (1986). Aristotle on healthy and sick souls. The Monist, 69(3), 416-433. https://doi.org/10.5840/monist198669326
REUTERS (n.d.). Philippines urges coronavirus vigilance as shoppers ignore safety protocols. Retrieved March 19, 2021 from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-philippines-idUSKBN22T0E3.
Renning, Lisa (n.d.). Hermeneutics in Qualitative Research. Retrieved April 3, 2021 from https://www.sfu.ca/educ867/htm/hermenteutics.htm.
Ripstein, A. (2006). Beyond the harm principle. Philosophy & Public Affairs, 34(3), 215-245.
Roberts, Rhys (n.d.). Aristotle, Rhetoric, Book 1 part 5. On Happiness. Retrieved June 1, 2021 from https://www2.latech.edu/~bmagee/212/aristotle/Aristotle_on_happiness.html.
Souza, L. K. D. (1981). In search of true friendship. Kriterion [online]. 2008, vol. 49, n. 117. ISSN, 5336, 163-176. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-512X2008000100010.
Ulep, Valerie Gilbert, Anton Paterno, Lyle Casas and Damian Walker (n.d.). The Hidden Health Cost of the Covid -10 Pandemic in the Philippines. Retrieved April 3, 2021 from https://www.cgdev.org/blog/hidden-health-cost-covid-19-pandemic-philippines.
Youngkins, Edward W (n.d.). "Aristotle and Economics." Capitalism and Commerce. Retrieved April 3, 2021 from http://www.quebecoislibre.org/