ARADMAN: Multidisciplinary Research Journal <p>ARADMAN Multidisciplinary journal, which publishes research papers, case studies, review papers and other academic papers is hinged on the notion that research is needed to solve many, if not all, of the next decade’s major research challenges, thereby contribute to emerging trends and opportunities in interdisciplinary domains. This journal publishes semiannually every April and October.</p> en-US (Dr. Ryzel Maureen Figer-Canes) (Ericson D. Acebedo, MSIT) Tue, 05 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0800 OJS 60 Editor's Note <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Sheldon Ives G. Agaton Copyright (c) Wed, 06 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Positionality and Ethics in Doing Research <p>In this paper, I highlight the importance of adopting a greater sensitivity towards positionality in the process of doing research. Posi­tionality refers to the conditions surrounding one’s position in relation to the existing economic, political, cultural and social networks. These conditions inform how one sees the world, and also how one is seen by others. This is premised on the assumption that knowledge is imbued with the conditions underlying the standpoint of the knower. In connection, researchers are situated in concrete circumstances that affect how they choose their research agenda, environment, subjects, methodologies and frameworks. I claim that awareness on why and how a researcher comes up with these choices is a preliminary step in maintaining an ethical approach in conducting research. Thus, doing research is more than just following pre-established ethical guidelines, like ticking all the boxes in a manual. Rather, it involves a self-reflexive inquiry into the larger societal structures that implicitly inform and influence the entire research process from the determination of a problem up to the decision to publish the output. Through the methodological tools of <em>reflexive thinking</em> and <em>conscious partiality</em>, a researcher is enabled to take positionality seriously and resist a disinterested view from nowhere.</p> Peter Paul E. Elicor Copyright (c) Tue, 05 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0800 The Story of the Image of the Sto. Niño de Tacloban: Challenges and Concerns <p>Two narratives have now become the major activities of present-day celebration of the Sto. Niño de Leyte Fiesta. The former refers to the “Balyuan Rites” and the latter, the narrative behind the June 30 Fiesta. Amid the conflating narratives of the Sto. Niño de Tacloban --the image that is presently enshrined at the Archdiocesan Shrine of Sto. Niño, Tacloban City-- this paper asserts the distinction between two narratives, one that still borders on the legend and folktale, and the other a purportedly historical one.</p> <p>But more than just drawing a line distinguishing the folktales from facts, or tradition from history, the paper’s thesis is that these Sto. Niño narratives stand further elaboration and inquiry. This paper opens up to a more engaging exchange of ideas and facts that will identify the sources which can usefully contribute to the production of more accurate accounts surrounding these lores about the Sto. Niño image. The challenge is more on scholarship and research -- to collect with care the popular traditional stories, to compare these stories about the Sto. Nino with one another, and determine their value in the light of other information scientifically acquired.</p> Rev. Msgr. Ramón Stephen B. Aguilos Copyright (c) Tue, 05 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Hermeneutics as an Approach in Teaching and Learning Literature <p>In the Philippines, hermeneutics is not a familiar concept and approach of teaching and learning literature among literature teachers and students. Indeed, there is a shortage of studies on hermeneutics in the teaching and learning literature in senior high school and higher education in the said country. With content analysis, this paper discusses hermeneutics as an approach to teaching and learning literature that serves as an additional and alternative approach and an overarching approach of education and learning literature among Filipino literature teachers and students. This paper discusses that hermeneutics is the science, theory, and art of interpretation. Since all forms of literature need interpretation and understanding to be taught and learned, the teaching and learning of literature require hermeneutics. Likewise, the paper shows that there are different ways of doing hermeneutics depending on the framework used. Thus, this paper discusses the hermeneutics of Friedrich Schleiermacher, Wilhelm Dilthey, Hans George Gadamer, Paul Ricoeur, and Jacques Derrida as approaches in teaching and learning literature.</p> Glenn G. Pajares Copyright (c) Tue, 05 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Philosophizing from the Farmer’s View: A Preliminary Investigation <p>In an attempt to contribute to the discussion of the philosophy of agriculture, this paper introduces a preliminary philosophical discourse on the views of the farmers of the Municipality of San Francisco, Southern Leyte. It seeks to philosophize from the vantage point of the farmers. It uses thematic analysis from the face-to-face interview with the selected farmers. Then, it purposefully integrates a method, which I call, “Philosophizing from” – a process of philosophical discourse that proceeds from the views of the participants. The result of inquiry leads to the recognition of the condition, challenges, and continuity in the life of the farmers. Thus, this preliminary investigation acknowledges the reality of agricultural life expressed from the farmer’s perspective.</p> Beljun P. Enaya Copyright (c) Tue, 05 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Level of Development and Research Publication Productivity among State University and Colleges Faculty: A Predictive Model <p>This study aimed at developing a model for predicting research publication productivity among faculty members of state universities and colleges based on the domains specified in the VITAE Researcher Development Framework. Using the quantitative predictive cross-sectional design, a regression model on research publication productivity was developed and validated based on the research development needs of faculty. Research publication productivity was positively correlated with the four domains, namely: knowledge and intellectual abilities; personal effectiveness; research governance and organization; and engagement, influence, and impact. Multiple regression analysis with split-validation analyses were conducted to support the validity of the full model with the two domains found as significant predictors of research publication productivity, namely: Knowledge and Intellectual abilities, and Research Governance and Organization. The developed and validated regression model provides a predictive model of research publication productivity with 52.7% explanatory power, this indicates that there are still other factors to be accounted by the model to increase the research publication productivity of the faculty members</p> Thea C. Galos, Enriqueta D. Reston Copyright (c) Tue, 05 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Race, Racism, and Immigration: A Critical Appraisal of Immigration Policies in the West <p>Human migration has never been as important a research topic as social scientists in today’s rapidly globalizing society considered it to be. Ever since the dawn of civilization, humans moved from one place to the other in search for food and security. In fact, driven by food shortage, as well as issues about national security and freedom, many people today from less developed countries are immigrating illegally to rich and developed counties. As a result, these rich and developed countries, such as the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia, tighten their immigration policies and border controls. As we can see, this recent political issue has triggered a lively debate among scholars and common citizens alike. For sure, central to this debate is the question of whether or not it is racist to limit immigration. In this paper, we will critically appraise the issues of racism and immigration in the West, particularly in Germany, United States, United Kingdom, and Canada. We will specifically address the question: Is it racist to limit immigration? Although local people in some countries in the West display racist attitude as can be seen in their reluctance to admit refugees and immigrants, this paper takes the position that in most cases the act of managing immigration through tighter policies is done primarily for socio-economic reasons. Hence, this paper argues that the attempt of any government to limit the admission of immigrants into its territory is not inherently racist.</p> Jeffry V. Ocay, Sheldon Ives G. Agaton Copyright (c) Tue, 05 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0800 About the Authors <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</p> Ericson D. Acebedo Copyright (c) Tue, 05 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0800