Asian Journal of Governance and Education (AJGE) <p>The <em><strong>Asian Journal of Governance and Education (AJGE)</strong></em> with ISSN 2704-3037, is the official research journal of Graduate School, Eastern Visayas State University (EVSU) published annually through the auspices of the EVSU Press. It is devoted to publishing original papers in the broad areas of <strong>governance</strong> and <strong>education</strong>. The AJGE, as an open accessed peer-reviewed research journal, does not oblige any publication fee from authors and contributors, neither accepts nor commissions a third party consent.</p> Eastern Visayas State University en-US Asian Journal of Governance and Education (AJGE) 2507-962X Community based policing practices in preventing and countering violent extremism <p>This study assessed the implementation of the Community Based Policing Practices (CBPP) in preventing and countering violent extremism in a local government unit specifically in terms of Community Engagement, Intelligence Gathering and Police Presence. The stakeholder’s participation, challenges encountered in implementing CBPP were also determined. An increased number of undocumented migrant Muslims in Pajac village, Lapulapu City that have posed the community at risk for violent extremist groups that may lurk in the area. An increased number of subdivisions and housing areas also add up to the effect of high social mobility that increased the demand for safety and security in the village.&nbsp; The local government of Pajac village manifests initiatives in countering and preventing violent extremism however it was rarely observed by the stakeholders particularly to both non - Muslim and Muslim residents. Preemptive initiatives are limited to meetings and dialogues with the people’s organizations and other informal leaders. Stakeholder participation is also limited to, collaborative meetings with the same groups. There are preemptive activities conducted in the village however there were no responsive strategies that will address the risk or presence of violent extremists. It is hoped that a more collaborative participation across all stakeholders to address safety and security threats should be strengthened to promote a more responsive practice in countering violent extremism.</p> Romeo Santander Alvin Balio Aileen Recla Angelo Durana Roselle Jardin-Ranario Copyright (c) 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 1 1 1 19 Assessment of the Ten-Year Ecological Solid Waste Management Plan of Cebu City, Philippines <p>This study evaluated the ten-year Ecological Solid Waste Management Plan of Cebu City Local Government Unit in view of establishing a clear track of the city’s goal to reduce the generation of municipal solid wastes and how the Cebu City laid out the Plan for implementation of an integrated “solid waste management” system. This research examined the “strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats” of the plan implementation. Findings revealed that Cebu City responded well to the challenge of solving its burgeoning garbage disposal problems. It has enacted several ordinances to strengthen policy implementation geared towards resolving the garbage and waste management besetting the city for several years now. The Cebu City government also enforce all villages to comply and adhere to the ten-year ecological waste plan, minimize their waste produce and recycle things whenever possible. It has also allocated funds in support of the solid waste management programs and operations. It is concluded that the initial implementation of the ten-year solid waste management plan was achieved rather at a slow pace. The implementers are not fully committed and disciplined aggravated by lack of manpower and personnel manning the garbage operations. There are political interventions which hamper the smooth implementation processes of the plan. The Cebu City should ensure and promote the rights of its constituents towards a healthy and balance environment.</p> Shyra Mae S. Alfajardo Bryan Kent N. Catubig Ejie P. Dagasdas Roznie Anne O. Romitman Reymar C. Reymar C. Sarsoza Copyright (c) 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 1 1 20 40 Leadership Styles, Skills and Ethical Management Behavior of Administrators in Government Higher Education Institutions <p>This study examined the leadership styles, skills and extent of ethical management behavior of administrators among government higher education institutions (HEIs) in the Eastern Visayas Region, Philippines. It employed descriptive and correlational research designs. The respondents comprised the school administrators of the main campus of government HEIs under review. Complete enumeration for school administrator respondents was implemented in the study. Standardized questionnaires from previous researches were adopted. Descriptive and inferential statistical analysis were carried out to assess if significant relationships existed among the studied variables. Findings revealed that curriculum and staff development were very satisfactorily implemented as confirmed by the HEIs administrators. The school administrators often practiced transformational leadership, intellectual stimulation and inspirational motivation. However, they only sometimes practiced work ethics while often practicing self-motivation and teamwork. Respondents’ gender was statistically associated with ethical management behavior, age and ethical management were significantly correlated with teamwork. Nomothetic or democratic leadership style was significantly associated with self-motivation, teamwork and professionalism. Classroom supervision and intellectual stimulation, professionalism and idealized influence were significantly related to teamwork. The school administrators practice nomothetic or democratic leadership style, they are very satisfactory in the implementation of instructional leadership skills in their jobs. They are transformational leaders and often practiced ethical management behavior in their jobs. The more the school administrator practice leadership styles the more they practice ethical management behavior. The higher are the instructional and transformational leadership skills possessed by school administrators the more they practice ethical management behavior.&nbsp; There is a need for school administrators to attend in-service trainings or workshops to increase, if not sustain, their ethical management behavior. A validation study may be conducted to adequately assess other leadership styles, skills and ethical management behavior of school administrators involving variables not covered in this study.</p> Wenifreda Odron-Padullo Copyright (c) 2020 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 1 1 41 60 Effectiveness of Marungko approach on the English reading performance and comprehension skills of first grade Thai learners <p>This study investigated the English reading performance and comprehension skills of grade one learners in a sectarian basic education institution within a Thai learning environment covering the academic year 2017-2018. The researcher employed the Marungko approach, a method associated with phonics, as a learning intervention in improving the learners’ English reading ability. The study made use of a quasi-experimental research design with pre-test and post-test assessment in the areas of phonemic awareness and letter knowledge, phonics and decoding; and (3) fluency and proficiency. Findings revealed that the reading performance and comprehension skills of the participants significantly improved after implementation of the Marungko intervention. There was a significant increase in the learners’ reading ability and in their comprehension skills from the pre- to the post-test after subjecting the generated data to T-Test for two correlated samples. Henceforth, it is concluded that the Marungko approach is effective in enhancing English reading ability and comprehension skills among grade one Thai learners.&nbsp; The study also confirmed the arguments of the language acquisition theory and situated learning theory.</p> Ceres P. Yayen Copyright (c) 2020 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 1 1 61 74 The use of mother tongue in teaching mathematics: A meta-synthesis <p>This study synthesized and described the use of mother tongue in teaching Mathematics. It utilized qualitative research studies published in research journals from 2003-2017. With the criteria set for purposive sampling, ten (10) out of 33 qualitative research studies from different countries were incorporated and analyzed. From the comparison of the similarities and differences of the contents of these studies, themes were developed and analyzed. Findings revealed that teachers from primary schools were using mother tongue in the teaching of Mathematics. Teachers' attitude towards the usage of mother tongue in the delivery of teaching Mathematics contributed to students' Mathematics performance and attitude. Instructional materials were easier for teachers to develop and create using mother tongue. However, there were no sufficient financial funds for them to utilize to come with the desired learning resources. Several programs employing the use of mother tongue in teaching Mathematics benefited government provisions in terms of law crafted and implementation through trainings of teachers.&nbsp; The teaching Mathematics utilizing mother tongue can be effective through the effort and competence of the teachers with the government support to provide access and high quality Mathematics teaching and learning.</p> Chelsey Ann Marie D. Patalinghug Johannes J. Libores Jessa S. Salubre Junna S. Salubre Angeline M. Pogoy Copyright (c) 2020 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 1 1 75 86 Supervisory approaches and practices of school heads, job satisfaction and work performance of teachers <p>The study determined the supervisory approaches and practices of school heads, the level of job satisfaction and work performance of teachers in the Division of Leyte, Philippines during school year 2017-2018. &nbsp;It employed a mixed research designs of both quantitative and qualitative approaches with 180 school heads and 1,080 teachers through multi-stage sampling in the five areas of the Division. A focus group discussion (FGD) was also utilized to selected school heads and teachers based on established inclusion criteria. The findings revealed that school heads use non-directive approach. School heads always dispense their supervisory functions to teachers. The teachers are generally satisfied with their job and have very satisfactory level of work performance. The school heads’ supervisory approaches and extent of supervisory practices did not relate with the job satisfaction and work performance of teachers. In conclusion, the school heads supervisory approaches and practices have no bearing on teachers’ work performance and on the teachers’ job satisfaction. It is recommended that school heads utilize the non-directive approach to strengthen the relationship among school stakeholders, widen their supervisory practices and assist their teachers in carrying out programs and projects. They need to develop strategies and techniques to enhance teaching and student learning, establish healthy working environment and rivet on maintaining facilitative atmosphere for teachers, and involve their teachers in the planning, organizing, communicating, implementing programs and projects beneficial to the entire school stakeholders.</p> Gerome R. Negad Lydia M. Morante Copyright (c) 2020 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 1 1 87 100